ݧ ݧ֧էߧ֧ ڧ٧էѧߧڧ ֧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ڧѧ: 290 ާڧݧݧڧߧ ѧڧ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧާ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧާ, ާ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ֧ݧܧڧ ѧۧߧѧ -֧اߧ֧ާ ӧ, ֧ ԧէ

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ݧ ݧ֧էߧ֧ ڧ٧էѧߧڧ ֧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ڧѧ: 290 ާڧݧݧڧߧ ѧڧ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧާ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧާ, ާ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ֧ݧܧڧ ѧۧߧѧ -֧اߧ֧ާ ӧ, ֧ ԧէ


֧էѧӧߧ ҧ ӧ֧ ֧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ڧѧ ٧ 2018 ԧ, ѧӧݧ֧ߧߧ ѧڧߧѧݧߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ֧ߧ. էܧݧѧէ ܧѧ٧ѧߧ, , ѧҧ ڧݧѧܧڧܧ ܧߧݧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ڧѧ էڧԧݧ ֧ӧߧѧѧݧߧ ֧٧ݧѧ, ߧ ѧݧܧڧӧѧ֧ ߧӧާ ֧֧٧ߧާ ҧݧ֧ާѧާ.


֧ݧ, ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ާ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ڧѧ ӧ ֧ ѧ֧. ڧݧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ, ֧ߧܧѧ, ѧӧݧ֧ 290 ާڧݧݧڧߧ, ާ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ -֧اߧ֧ާ ӧݧ֧ ѧާ ӧܧ, ߧ ߧڧ ڧէڧ ҧݧ֧ 40% ާ֧֧ اڧ֧ݧ֧. ѧߧ, ӧ֧ߧ ާ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ֧ݧܧڧ ѧۧߧѧ ҧ ӧ, ֧ ݧ֧էߧڧ ԧէ. ҧѧ ڧާ ԧڧѧݧڧ٧ѧڧ ӧէ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ֧֧ҧӧѧܧݧߧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ѧܧا ҧ ѧ֧, 2004 ԧէ ߧѧ֧ ӧ֧ާ ֧էߧ֧ԧէӧ ֧ާ ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ֧ӧѧ ֧ާ .

1. ާ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ѧ֧ ӧ֧ߧ֧ ѧ ڧܧ, ֧ݧܧѧ ާ֧ߧ էݧاѧ֧ ѧӧѧ ӧ ԧէ


ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ڧѧ ѧ֧. ֧էݧѧԧѧ֧ާ ܧݧڧ֧ӧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ 290 ާڧݧݧڧߧ, ӧܧݧѧ 13 ާڧݧݧڧߧ ڧߧݧ, 11 ާڧݧݧڧߧ ڧ֧ާڧ֧ܧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧է, 5 ާڧݧݧڧߧ ݧ֧ԧߧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ֧է, 4,5 ާڧݧݧڧߧ ֧է֧ߧ ߧ֧էѧߧ, 2,5 ާڧݧݧڧߧ ֧ӧާѧڧ֧ܧڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ֧է, 2 ާڧݧݧڧߧ ӧاէ֧ߧߧ ܧ ֧է ӧܧ ܧӧߧ էѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ. 245 ާڧݧݧڧߧ

2016 ԧէ ާ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ѧӧѧݧѧ ߧ ֧ӧ ާ֧ ڧܧ, ӧ, ֧ ѧ էԧڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ. ӧ ڧ ܧѧاէ ާ֧֧ ҧݧ ӧ٧ӧѧߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧާ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧާ.

ާ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ֧ݧܧ ާ֧ߧ ֧ӧڧݧ էݧاѧ֧ ѧӧѧ ӧ ӧߧ ԧէ 2009 ԧէ. ާ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ֧ݧܧ ާ֧ߧ ѧӧݧ֧ 309,33 / 100 000, ާ֧ߧ ԧէܧڧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ 265,11 / 100 000. ݧ ާ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ֧ݧܧڧ ԧէܧڧ ѧۧߧѧ ѧӧڧݧ 45,5% 43,16% ӧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ.


2, ѧܧ ڧܧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ


ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ԧڧ֧ߧڧ ѧ֧, ߧѧ֧ ӧ֧ާ 23% ݧէ֧ ڧާ֧ ӧܧ ܧӧߧ էѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ

1958-1959, 1979-1980, 1991, 2002 2012-2015 ԧէѧ ҧݧ ӧ֧է֧ߧ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ, ܧ ܧѧ٧ѧݧ, ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ԧڧ֧ߧڧ ڧѧ ѧ֧.

ڧѧۧܧ ҧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ѧ֧ڧѧݧߧ ԧڧ֧ߧڧ (CHS) ٧ 2012-2015 ԧ. ܧѧ٧ѧݧ, ֧էߧ֧ӧ٧ӧ֧֧ߧߧ ܧѧ٧ѧ֧ݧ ܧڧѧۧܧ ԧڧ֧ߧڧ ֧է ӧ٧ݧ ѧӧڧ 23,2% (ԧҧ 27,9%).

ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ݧ֧ߧ ܧ ܧߧݧ ݧ֧֧ߧڧ

֧٧ݧѧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ԧڧ֧ߧڧ ڧѧ (CHS), ӧ֧է֧ߧߧԧ 2012C2015 ԧ., ܧѧ٧ѧݧ, ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ԧڧ֧ߧڧ ֧է ӧ٧ݧ ܧڧѧ֧ۧ ѧӧݧݧ 27,9% (֧էߧ֧ӧ٧ӧ֧֧ߧߧ ܧѧ٧ѧ֧ݧ ѧӧݧ 23,2%), ާاڧ ߧ ҧݧ ӧ, ֧ ا֧ߧڧ, ߧާѧݧߧѧ ѧ ӧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ӧܧԧ ѧ֧ڧѧݧߧԧ էѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ѧӧݧݧ 39,1% ( ֧ӧ ܧڧڧ֧ߧ ѧӧݧ֧ 41,3%).

ӧ֧ߧ ӧ֧էާݧ֧ߧߧ, ӧ֧ߧ ݧ֧֧ߧڧ ӧ֧ߧ ܧߧݧ ѧ֧ڧѧݧߧ ԧڧ֧֧ߧ٧ڧ ѧӧڧݧ 51,6%, 45,8% 16,8% ӧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ, ӧ֧ߧ ܧߧݧ ݧ֧֧ߧڧ ѧӧڧ 37,5%, ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ݧڧݧ ѧӧߧ֧ߧڧ ֧էէڧާ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧާ. ӧ֧ߧ ӧ֧էާݧ֧ߧߧ, ӧ֧ߧ ݧ֧֧ߧڧ ӧ֧ߧ ܧߧݧ ا֧ߧܧ ԧڧ֧ߧڧ ӧ, ֧ ާاڧ, ԧէܧڧ اڧ֧ݧ ӧ, ֧ ֧ݧܧڧ اڧ֧ݧ.

14,5% է֧֧ ӧܧ ܧӧߧ էѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ

2010 ԧէ ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ԧڧ֧ߧڧ ܧڧѧۧܧڧ է֧֧ ѧӧݧݧ 14,5%, ާѧݧڧܧ ߧ ҧݧ ӧ, ֧ է֧ӧ֧ (16,1% ڧ 12,9%). ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ԧڧ֧ߧڧ է֧֧ ӧ֧ݧڧڧӧѧݧѧ ӧ٧ѧ. ֧ ԧڧ֧ߧڧ֧ ҧݧߧڧ ߧӧߧ ӧڧߧ ԧڧ֧ߧڧ (52,0% է 81,5%). ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ֧ ӧݧ ߧӧߧ ڧڧߧ ӧڧߧ ԧڧ֧ߧڧ ܧڧѧۧܧڧ է֧֧.

ӧ֧ݧڧ֧ߧڧ ڧݧ ܧڧݧڧܧ ݧ֧ߧڧ ӧ٧է֧ۧӧڧ ѧڧӧߧԧ ܧ֧ߧڧ

էѧߧߧ ҧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ѧҧѧܧ ֧է ӧ٧ݧ, ӧ֧է֧ߧߧԧ ڧѧ 2015 ԧէ, ӧ֧ߧ ѧߧէѧڧ٧ѧڧ 15 ݧ֧ ڧѧ ѧӧݧ֧ 27,7% (52,1% էݧ ާاڧ 2,7% էݧ ا֧ߧڧ). ѧӧߧ֧ߧڧ 2010 ԧէ ڧݧ ܧڧݧڧܧ ӧ֧ݧڧڧݧ ߧ 15 ާڧݧݧڧߧ. 2015 ԧէ ܧڧݧڧܧ ֧ۧѧ ܧ 15,2 ڧԧѧ֧ է֧ߧ, ѧӧߧ֧ߧڧ 2010 ԧէ.

ާݧէ֧اߧԧ ѧҧѧܧ ڧѧ 2014 ԧէ ܧѧ٧ѧ, ܧڧѧۧܧڧ էܧ ߧѧ֧ ӧ֧ާ ֧ҧݧ 6,9% ѧҧѧܧ.

ԧݧѧߧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ, ӧ֧է֧ߧߧާ 2010 ԧէ ѧާܧѧ ֧ܧ ݧҧѧݧߧ ҧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ֧ҧݧ֧ߧڧ ѧҧѧܧ ֧է ӧ٧ݧ (GATS) -ڧѧ, ܧݧ 738 ާڧݧݧڧߧ ߧ ܧڧ ܧڧѧ֧ۧ ѧէѧ ѧڧӧߧԧ ܧ֧ߧڧ. էߧѧܧ ѧӧߧ֧ߧڧ 2010 . էݧ ݧէ֧, ܧ ܧڧݧ ߧ ѧҧڧ ާ֧ѧ ӧߧ ާ֧֧ߧڧ, ҧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ާ֧ѧ, ҧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ѧߧ էާѧ, ߧڧ٧ڧݧѧ 2015 ., ӧڧէ֧֧ݧӧ֧ ݧ֧ߧڧ ӧ٧է֧ۧӧڧ ѧڧӧߧԧ ܧ֧ߧڧ.

ӧ֧ߧ ֧ܧѧ֧ߧڧ ܧ֧ߧڧ ֧է ܧڧѧ֧ۧ ӧ٧ѧ 15 ݧ֧ ѧ ӧ 9,42% 1996 ԧէ է 16,90% 2010 ԧէ.

40% ӧ٧ݧ էڧݧڧڧէ֧ާڧ֧

ҧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ, ӧ֧է֧ߧߧ ڧѧ 2013C2014 ԧ., ӧէڧݧ ѧާܧѧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ާߧڧڧߧԧ ߧڧ֧ܧڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ѧܧ ڧܧ (CCDRFS), ܧ ܧѧ٧ѧݧ, ӧߧ ҧ֧ԧ ݧ֧֧ڧߧ, ݧ֧֧ڧߧ ݧڧ֧ڧߧ ߧڧ٧ܧ ݧߧ, ڧԧݧڧ֧ڧէ ݧ֧֧ڧߧ ݧڧ֧ڧߧ ӧܧ ݧߧ ܧڧѧۧܧ ӧ٧ѧ 18 ݧ֧ ѧӧݧݧ 4,70, 2,88, 1,14 ӧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ. ӧߧ 1,35 ާާݧ / ӧ֧ߧ ҧ֧ԧ ݧ֧֧ڧߧ ҧ ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ӧ, ֧ ѧߧ.

֧ڧ 2002 2012 ԧ ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ էڧݧڧڧէ֧ާڧ ֧է ߧѧ֧ݧ֧ߧڧ ڧѧ ӧ٧ѧ 18 ݧ֧ ѧ ӧ٧ݧ 18,6% է 40,4%, ҧ֧ ڧݧ ާاڧ ҧݧ ӧ, ֧ ا֧ߧڧ, ԧէܧ ߧѧ֧ݧ֧ߧڧ ҧݧ ӧ, ֧ ֧ݧܧڧ ѧۧߧѧ.

֧ܧ ѧڧߧѧݧߧԧ ҧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ߧڧ֧ܧڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ֧ (CNSCKD) 2010 ԧէ ܧѧ٧ѧ, ӧ֧ߧ ӧ֧էާݧ֧ߧߧ, ѧ ݧ֧֧ߧڧ ӧ֧ߧ ܧߧݧ էڧݧڧڧէ֧ާڧ ѧӧݧݧ 18 ݧ֧, 31,0%, 19,5% 8,9% ӧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ, ާاڧߧ ҧݧ ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ߧڧا, ֧ ا֧ߧڧߧ.

10% ܧڧѧ֧ۧ էڧѧҧ֧ ߧ֧էѧߧ ާ֧ էݧ ڧݧѧܧڧܧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ

2013 ԧէ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ ܧߧާѧѧҧߧ ڧէ֧ާڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ էڧѧҧ֧ ܧѧ٧ѧݧ, ӧ֧ߧ ѧߧէѧڧ٧ѧڧ էڧѧҧ֧ ӧ٧ݧ ڧѧ ѧӧڧ 10,9%, ާاڧ ҧ ӧ, ֧ ا֧ߧڧ (11,7% ڧ 10,2%), ӧ֧ߧ ӧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ֧էէڧѧҧ֧ ѧӧڧ 35,7%. ӧ֧ߧ ӧ֧էާݧ֧ߧߧ էڧѧҧ֧ ѧӧڧ 36,5%, ӧ֧ߧ ݧ֧֧ߧڧ ѧӧڧ 32,2%, ӧ֧ߧ ܧߧݧ ݧ֧֧ߧڧ ѧӧڧ 49,2%.

֧ܧڧӧߧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ߧڧ֧ܧڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ڧѧ ܧѧ٧ѧݧ, ާ֧ߧ ӧ֧ ڧڧ ѧڧ֧ߧ էڧѧҧ֧ ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ӧ, ֧ ѧڧ֧ߧ ҧ֧ էڧѧҧ֧, էݧߧ֧ߧڧ ߧڧ٧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧ֧ݧ ݧ֧֧ߧڧ ܧߧݧ էڧѧҧ֧, ѧܧا ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧڧߧ ֧ѧѧ (ѧڧڧ, ѧڧߧ ѧ֧ڧѧݧߧ էѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ). ӧ֧ߧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ֧ѧѧ ߧڧ٧ܧڧ.

٧ҧߧ ӧ֧ اڧ֧ߧڧ: ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ӧ֧ݧڧڧӧѧ֧, ҧ֧ߧߧ ֧է է֧֧

ԧݧѧߧ ֧ ڧѧߧڧ ߧڧ֧ܧڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ اڧ֧ݧ֧ ڧѧ (2015 .), ܧѧ٧ѧ֧ݧ ڧ٧ҧߧԧ ӧ֧ اڧ֧ߧڧ ֧է اڧ֧ݧ֧ ӧ٧ѧ 18 ݧ֧ ѧ 2012 . ѧӧڧݧ 30,1% 11,9% ӧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ, ߧ 7,3% 4,8% ӧ, ֧ 2002 .

ڧ٧ҧߧ ӧ֧ ӧ֧ߧ اڧ֧ߧڧ ֧է ֧ݧܧڧ اڧ֧ݧ֧ 2012 ԧէ ҧ ߧڧا, ֧ ֧է ԧէܧڧ اڧ֧ݧ֧, ҧ ӧ, ֧ ֧է ԧէܧڧ اڧ֧ݧ֧. ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ֧ߧѧݧߧԧ اڧ֧ߧڧ ֧է ӧ٧ݧ ѧܧا է֧ާߧڧӧѧݧ ֧ߧէ֧ߧڧ , ֧էߧڧ ӧ֧ߧ ܧاߧ ѧݧڧ ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ӧ֧ݧڧڧݧ, ڧ ֧ݧܧԧ ߧѧ֧ݧ֧ߧڧ ҧ ӧ, ֧ ԧէܧԧ ߧѧ֧ݧ֧ߧڧ, ѧ٧ݧڧڧ ާ֧اէ ԧէܧڧ ֧ݧܧڧ ߧѧ֧ݧ֧ߧڧ֧ ާ֧ߧڧݧڧ.

2012 ԧէ ܧѧ٧ѧ֧ݧ ڧ٧ҧߧԧ ӧ֧ اڧ֧ߧڧ ֧է ԧէܧڧ ֧ݧܧڧ է֧֧ ӧ٧ѧ 6 ݧ֧ 7C17 ݧ֧ ڧѧ ҧݧ ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ӧ, ֧ 2002 ԧէ. ԧݧѧߧ ӧҧߧާ ҧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ڧ٧ڧ֧ܧԧ ߧڧ ٧էӧ ܧڧѧۧܧڧ է֧ߧ 1985 2014 ԧ, ܧѧ٧ѧ֧ݧ ڧ٧ҧߧ ާѧ ֧ݧ اڧ֧ߧڧ ֧է ܧڧѧۧܧ ާݧէ֧ا ӧ٧ѧ 7C18 ݧ֧ 2014 ԧէ ҧݧ 11 ѧ 73 ѧ٧ ӧ, ֧ 1985 ԧէ, ӧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ. ݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ 2013 ԧէ ܧѧ٧ѧݧ, ܧѧ٧ѧ֧ݧ ڧ٧ҧߧԧ ӧ֧ ܧڧѧۧܧڧ է֧֧ էܧ ѧӧڧ 12,2%, ӧ֧ߧ اڧ֧ߧڧ - 7,1%.

ݧܧ էߧ ֧ ԧѧاէѧ ѧ ѧӧ֧ ڧ٧ڧ֧ܧ ѧܧڧӧߧ

֧٧ݧѧ CHNS ܧѧ٧ѧݧ, ڧ٧ڧ֧ܧѧ ѧܧڧӧߧ اڧ֧ݧ֧ ӧ٧ѧ 18-60 ݧ֧ է֧ާߧڧӧѧݧ ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ֧ߧէ֧ߧڧ ߧڧا֧ߧڧ ֧ڧ 1991 2011 ԧ, ֧է ܧ ߧڧا֧ߧڧ ֧ڧߧѧݧߧ ѧܧڧӧߧ ҧݧ ߧѧڧҧݧ֧ ֧ӧڧէߧ, ڧ٧ڧ֧ܧڧ ߧѧԧ٧ܧ ӧ ֧ ҧݧ ֧ߧ ߧڧ٧ܧڧާ. ѧڧߧѧݧߧ ާߧڧڧߧ ڧ٧ڧ֧ܧ էԧӧݧ֧ߧߧ 2014 ԧէ ܧѧ٧ѧ, ܧѧ٧ѧ֧ݧ ڧ٧ڧ֧ܧ ѧܧڧӧߧ ӧҧէߧ ӧ֧ާ ܧڧѧ֧ۧ ӧ٧ѧ 20C59 ݧ֧ (150 ާڧߧ ѧاߧ֧ߧڧ ާ֧֧ߧߧ ڧߧ֧ߧڧӧߧ ڧݧ 75 ާڧߧ ѧاߧ֧ߧڧ ӧܧ ڧߧ֧ߧڧӧߧ) ҧ ߧ֧ާߧԧ ӧ֧ ѧӧߧ֧ߧڧ ֧էէڧާ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧާ, ߧ ѧ ֧է֧ߧ ܧѧ֧ߧڧ, ߧѧڧާ֧ ѧڧ֧ܧѧ ѧ ֧է֧ߧ ܧѧ֧ߧڧ, ҧݧ ߧ֧ܧݧܧ ӧ. ڧ٧ڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧ֧ݧ ܧѧ٧ѧݧ ֧ߧէ֧ߧڧ ߧڧا֧ߧڧ.

2014 ԧէ 33,9% ݧէ֧, ܧ ֧ԧݧߧ ٧ѧߧڧާѧݧڧ ڧ٧ڧ֧ܧڧާ ѧاߧ֧ߧڧާ ڧѧ (ӧܧݧѧ է֧֧ էܧ), ӧݧ ߧ 5,7% ѧӧߧ֧ߧڧ 2007 ԧէ. ѧ ڧ٧ڧ֧ܧڧ ѧاߧ֧ߧڧ ާݧէ ݧէ֧ ӧ٧ѧ 20 է 49 ݧ֧ ӧ ֧ ѧ֧ ߧڧ٧ܧ.

ԧݧѧߧ ֧٧ݧѧѧ ֧ԧ ѧڧߧѧݧߧԧ ҧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ڧ٧ڧ֧ܧԧ ߧڧ ٧էӧ ڧѧ 2014 ԧէ, 73,3% ާѧݧڧܧ ڧާ֧ݧ ڧ٧ڧ֧ܧ ѧܧڧӧߧ ާ֧ߧ֧ էߧԧ ѧ է֧ߧ, է֧ӧܧ ҧݧ ӧ (79,1%).

ݧڧ֧ӧ ݧ ܧߧݧڧ֧, ߧ ߧ ӧ ֧ ӧէӧ ֧ӧѧ֧ ѧߧէѧ.

֧ڧ 1992 2012 ԧ ߧ֧ߧڧ اڧ ѧڧߧ اڧ֧ݧ֧ ڧѧ է֧ާߧڧӧѧݧ ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ֧ߧէ֧ߧڧ : 2012 ԧէ ֧էߧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧ֧ݧ ѧߧ ѧӧڧ 32,9%, ֧ӧڧݧ ֧ܧާ֧ߧէ֧ާ ߧݧѧۧ-ӧ֧ߧ ֧ܧާ֧ߧէѧڧ ڧѧߧڧ (֧ܧާ֧ߧէ֧ާ էڧѧѧ٧ ֧ܧާ֧ߧէѧڧ ڧѧߧڧ: 20% -30%); ڧڧ֧ߧ ߧ֧ԧ֧ҧݧ֧ߧڧ է֧ާߧڧӧѧ ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ֧ߧէ֧ߧڧ ߧڧا֧ߧڧ: 2012 ԧէ ֧էߧ֧ ѧߧ ѧӧݧ 55%, ܧ ѧ է ߧڧاߧ֧ԧ ֧է֧ݧ, ֧ܧާ֧ߧէӧѧߧߧԧ ֧ܧާ֧ߧէѧڧ ڧѧߧڧ (֧ܧާ֧ߧէ֧ާ էڧѧѧ٧ ֧ܧާ֧ߧէѧڧ ڧѧߧڧ: 55% է 65%). ڧҧѧݧѧߧ ڧߧڧܧ ߧ֧ԧڧ ԧէܧڧ اڧ֧ݧ֧ ҧݧ֧ ֧֧٧ߧ, ֧ ֧ݧܧڧ اڧ֧ݧ֧.

ާ ԧ, ֧ҧݧ֧ߧڧ ӧڧѧާڧߧ , ܧѧݧڧ ܧѧݧڧ ѧܧا ڧާ֧֧ ֧ߧէ֧ߧڧ ߧڧا֧ߧڧ, ֧ҧݧ֧ߧڧ ߧѧڧ ڧ֧ ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ߧڧ٧ڧݧ, ߧ 2012 ԧէ ֧ҧݧ֧ߧڧ ߧѧڧ ڧ֧ (5702 ާ / է֧ߧ ߧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ) ӧ ֧ ѧ֧ ӧܧڧ, ڧߧ֧ڧ֧ܧ ݧڧ֧ӧ ݧ ѧӧݧݧ 14,5 , ҧݧ֧ ֧ էӧ ѧ٧ ֧ӧѧݧ ֧ܧާ֧ߧէ֧ާ ֧ҧݧ֧ߧڧ (ڧѧ: & lt; 6 / է֧ߧ; ֧ާڧߧѧ ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧ ٧էѧӧѧߧ֧ߧڧ: & lt; 5 / է֧ߧ).

էߧ ֧ ӧ٧ݧ ѧէѧ֧ ާ֧ѧҧݧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧߧէާ

ݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ CHNS 2002 ԧէ ܧѧ٧ѧݧ, ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ާ֧ѧҧݧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧߧէާ ӧ٧ݧ ܧڧѧ֧ۧ ӧ٧ѧ 18 ݧ֧ ѧ ѧӧڧݧ 6,6% 13,8% ӧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ. ܧڧѧۧܧ ֧ ڧէߧѧէ٧ ٧ ߧڧ֧ܧڧާ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧާ ٧ 2010 ԧ ҧݧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧ, ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ާ֧ѧҧݧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧߧէާ ӧ٧ݧ ӧ٧ѧ 18 ݧ֧ ѧ ѧӧڧݧ 33,9%, ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ӧ, ֧ 2002 ԧէ.

֧ܧ ֧ܧڧӧߧԧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ܧڧѧۧܧڧ ߧڧ֧ܧڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧ, ֧֧ߧڧ ֧էߧ֧ԧ ֧ڧէ ߧѧҧݧէ֧ߧڧ 7,2 ԧէ ݧէ ӧ٧ѧ 30C79 ݧ֧ ߧ ާԧݧ ܧڧ ڧݧ ҧѧ ܧڧ ѧߧ, ڧ<30 ֧ا֧էߧ֧ӧߧ, ѧӧӧѧ ڧ٧ڧ֧ܧ ѧܧڧӧߧ, ֧ҧݧ էѧߧ ܧݧڧ֧ӧ ܧ ӧ֧ ާ֧ߧ ֧ҧݧ ܧѧߧ ާ. ާ֧ߧ֧ ާ֧, 4% ٧էӧԧ ӧ֧ ڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ا֧ݧ ڧ֧ާڧ֧ܧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧է, ڧ֧ާڧ֧ܧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧է ֧֧ҧѧݧߧԧ ڧߧѧܧ ާا֧ ҧ ާ֧ߧ֧ ߧ 58%, 43% 39% ӧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ, ҧ֧ާ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ާ֧ߧѧ֧ ӧ֧ݧڧ֧ߧڧ֧ ѧܧ ٧էӧԧ ҧѧ٧ اڧ٧ߧ.

ѧԧ٧ߧ֧ߧڧ ӧ٧է ӧߧ ާ֧֧ߧڧ ڧӧէڧ ߧڧا֧ߧڧ ާ֧ߧ

ݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ҧ֧ާ֧ߧ ܧڧѧۧܧڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ 2010 ԧէ ܧѧ٧ѧݧ, ٧ѧԧ٧ߧ֧ߧڧ ӧ٧է ܧاѧ֧ ֧է ٧ѧԧ٧ߧ֧ߧڧ ӧ٧է ާ֧֧ߧڧ ӧݧ ֧ӧ֧ ѧܧѧާ ڧܧ, ӧݧڧڧާ ߧ ԧ ѧӧܧ ߧ ڧߧӧѧݧڧէߧ ڧѧ (DALY). ܧѧاէ 10 ާܧ / 3 ӧ֧ݧڧ֧ߧڧ ܧߧ֧ߧѧڧ PM2,5 ڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ڧ֧ާڧ֧ܧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧է ӧ֧ݧڧڧӧѧݧ ߧ 0,27% է֧ߧ. ݧԧߧ ݧ֧էӧڧ ٧ѧԧ٧ߧ֧ߧڧ ӧ٧է ܧѧ٧ӧѧ ҧݧ֧ ӧݧڧߧڧ ߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ.

2013 ԧէ ҧѧ ާ֧ߧ ٧ѧԧ٧ߧ֧ߧڧ ӧ٧է ާ֧֧ߧڧ ڧѧ ѧӧڧݧ 807 000 ݧѧ֧, ӧܧݧѧ 169 000 ݧѧ֧ ԧ֧ާѧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧߧݧ, 152 000 ݧѧ֧ ڧ֧ާڧ֧ܧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧է 88 000 ݧѧ֧ ڧ֧ާڧ֧ܧԧ ڧߧݧ. ѧӧߧ֧ߧڧ 1990 . ҧ֧ ܧݧڧ֧ӧ ާ֧֧, ӧ٧ӧѧߧߧ ٧ѧԧ٧ߧ֧ߧڧ֧ ӧ٧է ӧߧ ާ֧֧ߧڧ, ܧѧڧݧ ߧ 24,5%, ֧ DALY ߧڧ٧ڧݧڧ ߧ 42,4%.

3. ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ


֧֧ҧӧѧܧݧߧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ: ԧէܧѧ ާ֧ߧ ߧ֧ܧݧܧ ߧڧا, ֧ݧܧ ާ֧ߧ ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ӧ

ާ֧ߧ ֧֧ҧӧѧܧݧߧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ڧѧ ӧ֧ݧڧڧݧѧ 2003 2016 ԧ, ާ֧ߧ ֧֧ҧӧѧܧݧߧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ֧ݧܧ ާ֧ߧ ҧݧ ӧ, ֧ ԧէܧڧ ѧۧߧѧ. ѧӧߧ֧ߧڧ 2015 ԧէ ڧݧ ݧѧ֧ ާ֧ ֧֧ҧӧѧܧݧߧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ڧѧ ߧ֧ܧݧܧ ߧڧ٧ڧݧ 2016 ԧէ, ڧݧ ֧ݧܧڧ اڧ֧ݧ֧ ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ӧ֧ݧڧڧݧ.


֧ܧ ܧڧߧڧߧԧ ߧ ڧߧݧ ӧӧڧ, ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ڧߧݧ ֧է ӧ٧ݧ ѧ 40 ݧ֧ ڧѧ ѧӧڧݧ 2,06% 2014 ԧէ. 2002 2013 ԧ ѧ ֧ӧԧ ڧߧݧ ӧ٧ݧ ӧ٧ѧ 40C74 ݧ֧ ӧ֧ݧڧڧӧѧݧѧ ߧ 8,3% ԧ, ӧ֧ߧ ާ֧ߧ ڧߧݧ ҧ ѧҧڧݧߧ - ܧݧ 124 ߧ 100 000 ֧ݧӧ֧.

֧ާڧ֧ܧѧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧է: ާ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧԧ ڧ ֧ݧܧ ާ֧ߧ ҧ ѧ֧

2016 ԧէ ӧ֧ߧ ާ֧ߧ ڧ֧ާڧ֧ܧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧է ԧէܧڧ ֧ݧܧڧ اڧ֧ݧ֧ ڧѧ էݧاѧ ѧ 2012 ԧէ. ӧ֧ߧ ާ֧ߧ ڧ֧ާڧ֧ܧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧է ֧ݧܧ ާ֧ߧ ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ӧ٧, ӧ֧ߧ ާ֧ߧ ڧ֧ާڧ֧ܧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧է ާاڧ ҧ ӧ, ֧ ا֧ߧڧ. 2005 ԧէ ާ֧ߧ ԧ ڧߧѧܧ ާڧܧѧէ ڧާ֧֧ ֧ߧէ֧ߧڧ ҧާ , ҧ֧ߧߧ ֧ݧܧ ާ֧ߧ 2013 2016 ԧէѧ, ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ֧ӧѧ֧ ֧էߧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧ֧ݧ ԧէ.

ߧѧߧ ӧާ֧ѧ֧ݧӧ ӧ֧ݧڧڧݧ ߧ 13%

2017 ԧէ ҧ֧ ܧݧڧ֧ӧ ڧߧ֧ӧ֧ߧڧߧߧ ާ֧է ݧ֧֧ߧڧ ڧ֧ާڧ֧ܧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧է ߧ ާѧ֧ڧܧ ӧ֧ݧڧڧݧ ߧ 13% ѧӧߧ֧ߧڧ 2016 ԧէ. ֧էߧ֧ ѧ٧ާ֧֧ߧڧ ڧߧ֧ӧ֧ߧڧߧߧ ֧ߧ ѧӧڧݧ 1,47, ҧݧ֧ 90% ڧߧ֧ӧ֧ߧڧߧߧ ֧է ӧݧߧݧڧ ֧֧ ݧ֧ӧ ѧ֧ڧ. ӧ֧ߧ ާ֧ߧ ѧڧ֧ߧ ݧ ܧߧѧߧԧ ӧާ֧ѧ֧ݧӧ ҧ ѧҧڧݧߧ ߧ ߧڧ٧ܧ ӧߧ (0,23%). ݧ ާ ѧڧ֧ߧ ڧߧѧܧ ާڧܧѧէ է֧ާ ֧ԧާ֧ߧ ST ѧӧڧݧ 42,2%, էѧݧߧ֧֧ۧ ݧڧݧ ѧӧߧ֧ߧڧ 2016 . (38,91%).

ڧާڧ: ѧէڧѧߧѧ ѧҧݧڧ, ܧѧէڧڧާݧ, է֧ڧҧڧݧݧ, ֧է֧ߧѧ ڧߧߧڧ٧ѧڧ ӧݧ

2004 ԧէ ܧѧ٧ѧ, ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ڧҧڧݧݧڧ ֧է֧էڧ ѧӧܧ ߧ ӧ٧ѧ ڧѧ ѧӧڧݧ 0,77% (0,78% էݧ ާاڧ 0,76% էݧ ا֧ߧڧ). ާ ԧ, 31 000 اڧ֧ݧ֧ ҧڧߧ 31 ӧڧߧڧ ާѧ֧ڧܧӧԧ ڧѧ ܧѧ٧ѧ, ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ާ֧ѧ֧ݧߧ ѧڧާڧ اڧ֧ݧ֧ ڧѧ ӧ٧ѧ 35 ݧ֧ ѧ ѧӧݧ֧ 0,71%.

֧ڧ 2010 2017 ԧ ֧ا֧ԧէߧ ֧ާ ѧէڧѧߧ ѧҧݧڧ ѧӧݧݧ 13,2% ~ 17,5%, էݧ ֧ѧڧ ѧէڧѧߧ ѧҧݧѧڧ ާ֧ѧ֧ݧߧ ѧڧާڧ ӧ֧ݧڧڧӧѧݧѧ ԧ ԧէ.

2017 ԧէ ܧݧڧ֧ӧ ڧާݧѧߧڧӧѧߧߧ ܧѧէڧڧާݧ ӧ֧ݧڧڧݧ ߧ 4,98% ѧӧߧ֧ߧڧ 2016 ԧէ, էݧ էӧܧѧާ֧ߧ ܧѧէڧڧާݧ ѧӧڧݧ 73%. ާݧѧߧѧ ܧѧէڧӧ֧֧ߧԧ է֧ڧҧڧݧݧ (ICD) էݧاѧݧ ѧ, ֧ا֧ԧէߧ ڧ ҧݧ֧ 10%, 55,5% էݧ ӧڧߧ ڧݧѧܧڧܧ 44,5% էݧ ֧ӧڧߧ ڧݧѧܧڧܧ.

2017 ԧէ ݧ֧֧ߧڧ ֧ڧߧߧڧ٧ѧڧ֧ ֧է ӧ֧ݧڧڧݧ ߧ 29,3% 16,2% ѧӧߧ֧ߧڧ 2016 2015 ԧէѧާ ӧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ. ݧ ڧާݧѧߧڧӧѧߧߧԧ ֧է֧ߧԧ ڧߧߧڧ٧ڧӧѧߧߧԧ է֧ڧҧڧݧݧ (CRT-D) ӧ֧ݧڧڧӧѧݧѧ ԧ ԧէ.

֧է֧ߧѧ ߧ֧էѧߧ: ߧڧا֧ߧڧ ާ֧ߧ ԧڧѧݧڧ٧ڧӧѧߧߧ ѧڧ֧ߧ

ԧݧѧߧ , ӧ֧է֧ߧߧާ 20 ԧէѧ 10 ӧڧߧڧ 15518 ֧ݧܧڧ ѧۧߧѧ ڧѧ, ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ߧڧ֧ܧ ֧է֧ߧ ߧ֧էѧߧ ֧է ܧڧѧ֧ۧ ӧ٧ѧ 35C74 ݧ֧ 2000 ԧէ ѧӧڧݧ 0,9% (0,7% էݧ ާاڧ 1,0% էݧ ا֧ߧڧ).

֧ԧڧ ֧է֧ߧ ߧ֧էѧߧ ڧѧ (China-HF) ܧѧ٧ӧѧ֧, ֧էߧڧ ӧ٧ѧ ѧڧ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧ ߧ֧էѧߧ ڧѧ ӧ֧ݧڧڧӧѧ֧ 2012 2014 ԧ. ڧ֧ߧڧ ڧ֧ާڧ֧ܧѧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧է ѧݧ ߧӧߧާ ڧڧߧѧާ ֧է֧ߧ ߧ֧էѧߧ ڧѧ. ѧڧҧݧ֧ ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧѧ ڧڧߧ ڧ֧ߧڧ. ڧѧݧߧѧ ާ֧ߧ ѧڧ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧ ߧ֧էѧߧ ѧӧڧݧ 4,1%, ҧݧ ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ߧڧا, ֧ ѧߧ.

ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ݧ֧ԧߧ է: ާ֧ߧ ߧڧ֧ܧ ҧܧڧӧߧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ݧ֧ԧܧڧ ߧڧ٧ڧݧѧ

ԧݧѧߧ ֧ ڧѧߧڧ ߧڧ֧ܧڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ اڧ֧ݧ֧ ڧѧ (2015 .), ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ߧڧ֧ܧ ҧܧڧӧߧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ݧ֧ԧܧڧ () ڧѧ ӧ٧ѧ 40 ݧ֧ ѧ 2012 . ѧӧڧݧ 9,9%. ԧݧѧߧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ԧݧҧѧݧߧԧ ҧ֧ާ֧ߧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ֧ 2013 ԧէ, ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ֧է ܧڧѧ֧ۧ ӧ٧ѧ 40 ݧ֧ ѧ 2013 ԧէ ѧӧݧݧ 7,3%, ܧѧ٧ѧ֧ݧ ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ӧ֧ݧڧڧӧѧݧ ӧ٧ѧ. ѧӧߧ֧ߧڧ 1990 . ӧ֧ߧ ާ֧ߧ ߧڧ֧ܧ ҧܧڧӧߧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ݧ֧ԧܧڧ ߧڧ٧ڧݧ 2013 ., ߧ ӧ ֧ ӧ֧ӧ֧ ԧݧҧѧݧߧާ ӧߧ 1990 .

ڧѧۧܧڧ ֧ܧ ڧݧѧܧڧܧ ܧߧݧ ݧ֧ԧߧ ާҧݧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧ, ԧէӧѧ ѧ ݧ֧ԧߧ ާҧݧڧ ԧڧѧݧڧ٧ڧӧѧߧߧ ѧڧ֧ߧ ҧݧ֧ ֧ 60 ӧ֧էڧ ֧ ҧݧߧڧѧ ڧѧ 1997 2008 ԧ ѧӧݧݧ 0,1%.

֧է֧ߧ-էڧѧ ڧԧڧ: ܧݧڧ֧ӧ ѧߧݧѧߧѧڧ ֧է ӧ֧ݧڧڧӧѧ֧ ܧѧاէ ԧէ, ֧ߧ ֧ߧ ӧާ֧ѧ֧ݧ ӧاէ֧ߧߧ ܧѧ ֧է էڧ 98,6%.

2017 ԧէ ܧݧڧ֧ӧ ֧ѧڧ ߧ ֧է ާѧ֧ڧܧӧ ڧѧ ѧӧڧݧ 228 938, ڧ ܧ 162 597 - ֧ѧڧ ߧ ڧܧӧ֧ߧߧ ܧӧҧѧ֧ߧڧ, ѧӧݧ֧ 71%, 77 305 ݧѧ֧ ӧاէ֧ߧߧ ܧ ֧է 65 749 ֧ѧڧ ߧ ܧݧѧѧߧ ֧է ڧѧ ߧܧߧԧ, ܧߧѧߧѧ ѧ֧ڧ. ݧ 45 455 ݧѧ֧ ߧڧӧѧߧڧ, 19 585 ݧѧ֧ ѧѧݧߧ ڧԧڧ 2002 ݧѧ֧ ܧѧܧѧݧߧ ާ֧ާҧѧߧߧ ܧڧԧ֧ߧѧڧ ().

ݧڧ֧ӧ ֧֧ѧէ ֧է ڧѧ ӧ֧ݧڧڧӧѧ֧ ԧ ԧէ, 2017 ԧէ ҧݧ ӧݧߧ֧ߧ 559 ֧ѧڧ ֧֧ѧէܧ ֧է. 2017 ԧէ ާѧ֧ڧܧӧ ڧѧ ҧݧ ӧ֧է֧ߧ 32126 ݧѧ֧ ڧߧ֧ӧ֧ߧڧߧߧԧ ݧ֧֧ߧڧ ӧاէ֧ߧߧ ܧ ֧է, ҧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧ֧ݧ ֧ ڧߧ֧ӧ֧ߧڧߧߧ ֧ѧڧ ѧӧڧ 98,6%.

ߧڧ֧ܧѧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧: 120 ާڧݧݧڧߧ ֧ݧӧ֧, 30% ֧է֧ߧ-էڧާ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧާ

֧٧ݧѧ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧԧ ҧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ߧڧ֧ܧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧ 2009 2010 ԧէ ܧѧ٧ѧݧ, ҧѧ ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ߧڧ֧ܧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧ ӧ٧ݧ ܧڧѧ֧ۧ ѧӧݧݧ 18,8%, , ֧ߧܧѧ, ڧѧ ߧѧڧӧѧݧ ܧݧ 120 ާڧݧݧڧߧ ѧڧ֧ߧ ߧڧ֧ܧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧.

ԧݧѧߧ ԧէӧާ ֧ CKD-NET, 27,8% ԧڧѧݧڧ٧ڧӧѧߧߧ ѧڧ֧ߧ ߧڧ֧ܧڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ֧ ֧ ڧާ֧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ, ڧ ܧ ߧѧڧҧݧ֧ ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ӧݧ֧ ڧ֧ާڧ֧ܧѧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧է (17,7%), ٧ ܧ ݧ֧է ֧է֧ߧѧ ߧ֧էѧߧ (13,0%) ڧߧݧ (9,2%).

ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ֧ڧ֧ڧ֧ܧڧ ѧ֧ڧ: ҧݧ֧ ֧ اڧݧ ڧާ֧ ѧ֧ܧݧ֧ ߧߧ ѧ֧ڧ

30% ѧڧ֧ߧ ֧֧ҧӧѧܧݧߧާ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧާ 25% ѧڧ֧ߧ ڧ֧ާڧ֧ܧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧է ڧާ֧ ѧ֧ܧݧ֧ڧ֧ܧڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ߧڧاߧڧ ܧߧ֧ߧ֧.

ѧڧߧѧݧߧѧ ԧѧާާ ڧݧѧܧڧܧ ڧߧݧ ڧѧ ܧѧ٧ѧݧ, ҧѧ ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ѧ֧ܧݧ֧٧ ߧߧ ѧ֧ڧ ѧӧݧݧ 36,2% ֧է 40-ݧ֧ߧ֧ԧ ߧѧ֧ݧ֧ߧڧ, ڧ ܧ 26,5% ڧާ֧ݧ ݧ֧ߧڧ ڧߧڧާ-ާ֧էڧ ߧߧ ѧ֧ڧ, 13,9% ڧާ֧ݧ ߧߧ ҧݧ֧.

֧ߧ ֧ߧ ѧ֧ڧ, ӧ٧ӧѧߧߧ ֧ߧ ѧ֧ܧݧ֧٧, ֧֧ߧߧ ӧ֧ݧڧڧӧѧݧ 50% 1999C2000 ԧէѧ է 85% 2015C2016 ԧէѧ, էݧ ާߧا֧ӧ֧ߧߧԧ ѧ֧ڧڧ ҧ֧ ڧڧߧ ֧֧ߧߧ ߧڧاѧݧѧ 31% է 10%; ݧ ڧҧާ֧ߧ էڧݧѧ٧ڧ ߧ ڧݧߧ ڧ٧ާ֧ߧڧݧѧ, ܧݧ֧ҧѧߧڧ ܧݧ֧ҧѧݧڧ 2,9% է 6,5%.

֧ߧܧ ܧѧ֧ӧ ާ֧էڧڧߧܧڧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ: ܧѧ֧ӧ ާ֧էڧڧߧܧ ާ ҧ ݧѧ֧, ѧܧا ֧ ߧ֧էѧܧ

ݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ܧݧڧߧڧ֧ܧԧ ԧ ܧߧѧߧԧ ڧߧէާ ڧѧ (CPACS), ԧѧާާ ݧ֧ߧڧ ܧѧ֧ӧ ާ֧էڧڧߧܧ ާ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ (CCC), ԧѧާާ ѧߧߧ֧ԧ ܧڧߧڧߧԧ ܧާݧ֧ܧߧԧ ӧާ֧ѧ֧ݧӧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ӧܧڧ ڧܧ (ChinaPEACE), ݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ֧֧ ڧߧѧܧ ާڧܧѧէ ڧѧ (CAMI) ܧڧѧۧܧڧ ֧ܧ ӧڧߧ ڧݧѧܧڧܧ ڧ֧ާڧ֧ܧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧է (BRIG) էԧڧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ܧѧ٧ӧѧ, ݧ֧էߧڧ ԧէ ާ֧էڧڧߧܧ ܧѧ֧ӧ ҧݧѧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ڧ֧ާ ڧѧ ҧ ݧڧݧ, ߧ ֧ ߧ֧էѧܧ.

ԧݧѧߧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ChinaPEACE, ѧӧߧ֧ߧڧ 2001 . էݧ ѧڧ֧ߧ ڧߧѧܧ ާڧܧѧէ, ֧ܧާ֧ߧէӧѧߧߧ 2011 . ӧ֧ӧڧ ֧ܧާ֧ߧէѧڧާ, ӧ֧ݧڧڧݧѧ, ѧ ܧߧѧߧԧ ӧާ֧ѧ֧ݧӧ ӧ֧ݧڧڧݧѧ, ߧ էݧ ާҧݧڧ٧ڧ ߧڧ٧ڧݧѧ. -٧ ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ٧ѧէ֧اܧ ӧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ ֧֧ߧڧ ѧڧ֧ߧ ҧѧ ѧ ֧֧٧ڧߧߧ ֧ѧڧ ҧݧ ߧڧ٧ܧ, ӧߧڧҧݧߧڧߧѧ ާ֧ߧ ѧڧ֧ߧ ڧߧѧܧ ާڧܧѧէ է֧ާ ֧ԧާ֧ߧ ST ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ߧ ߧڧاѧݧѧ.

4. ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ҧ֧ӧ ڧݧѧܧڧܧ ݧ֧֧ߧڧ:

֧ӧڧէߧ ֧٧ݧѧ


ا֧ߧڧ ҧݧ֧ 40 ݧ֧ ڧݧѧܧڧܧ ݧ֧֧ߧڧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ڧѧ ֧֧ߧߧ էӧڧԧѧ֧ ֧ѧݧڧ٧֧ ܧѧާ ҧݧѧާ, էݧ ݧէ֧, ܧ ӧڧߧڧާѧ ڧݧѧܧڧܧ ݧ֧֧ߧڧ ԧڧ֧ߧڧ ܧѧ , ӧէ ӧ֧ߧߧڧ ӧާ֧ѧ֧ݧӧ, ܧ ߧߧ ڧݧ֧է էڧԧѧ ٧ѧާ֧ѧ֧ݧߧ ֧٧ݧѧ.

30 ާѧ 2017 ԧէ ѧڧߧѧݧߧ ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ڧ֧ާ ҧݧ ٧էѧߧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ҧҧ ԧڧ֧ߧڧ֧ ѧާܧѧ ѧڧߧѧݧߧԧ ֧ܧ ٧էѧӧѧߧ֧ߧڧ. է֧ݧ֧ߧڧ ӧ֧ѧ֧ ٧ ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧ ѧ٧ѧҧܧ ܧӧէڧ ڧߧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ԧڧ֧ߧڧ֧ ߧ ߧڧ٧ӧ ӧߧ, ާߧڧڧߧ ֧ߧܧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ֧ӧڧߧ ԧڧ֧ߧڧ, ѧܧا ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ѧߧڧѧߧԧ ӧ֧֧ߧڧ էԧ ӧ٧ѧߧߧ ڧ ѧҧ էݧ ڧܧڧ ާѧ ֧֧ߧߧ էڧا֧ߧڧ ԧާԧ֧ߧڧ٧ѧڧ ӧߧ֧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ԧڧ֧ߧڧ֧ ֧ӧڧߧ ާ֧էڧڧߧܧڧ ֧اէ֧ߧڧ ֧ ݧڧ ҧݧߧڧѧ.

5, ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ֧֧ҧӧѧܧݧߧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ާ֧էڧڧߧܧڧ ڧާ: ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ֧֧ҧӧѧܧݧߧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧ֧ާ ܧ ֧էߧ֧ԧ ֧ا֧ԧէߧԧ 10%


1980 ԧէ ڧݧ ӧڧѧߧߧ ѧڧ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧާ ֧֧ҧӧѧܧݧߧާ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧާ էڧѧҧ֧ ܧڧѧۧܧڧ ҧݧߧڧѧ ӧ֧ݧڧڧݧ. ӧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ, ҧѧ ڧާ ԧڧѧݧڧ٧ѧڧ ӧէ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ֧֧ҧӧѧܧݧߧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ѧܧا ҧ ӧ֧ݧڧڧӧѧ֧.

2016 ԧէ ҧ֧ ܧݧڧ֧ӧ ӧڧѧߧߧ ѧڧ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧާ ֧֧ҧӧѧܧݧߧާ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧާ ܧڧѧۧܧڧ ҧݧߧڧѧ ѧӧڧݧ 2002,19 ާݧ., ѧӧڧݧ 12,57% ҧ֧ԧ ڧݧ ӧڧѧߧߧ ѧڧ֧ߧ ٧ ا ֧ڧ, ڧݧ 6,30% ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ 6,27% ֧֧ҧӧѧܧݧߧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ. ֧է ڧݧ ӧڧѧߧߧ ѧڧ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧާ ֧֧ҧӧѧܧݧߧާ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧާ, ڧ֧ާڧ֧ܧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧է ڧߧѧܧ ԧݧӧߧԧ ާ٧ԧ, ߧ ܧ ڧէڧ 36,87% 31,98% ӧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ, ݧ֧է ԧڧ֧ߧڧ ӧߧڧ֧֧ߧ ܧӧڧ٧ݧڧߧڧ.

1980 2016 ԧ ֧էߧ֧ԧէӧ ֧ާ ԧڧѧݧڧ٧ڧӧѧߧߧ ѧڧ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧާ ֧֧ҧӧѧܧݧߧާ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧާ ڧѧ ѧӧڧ 9,85%, ҧݧ ӧ, ֧ ֧էߧ֧ԧէӧ ֧ާ ҧ֧ԧ ڧݧ ӧڧѧߧߧ ѧڧ֧ߧ (6,33%). ֧էߧ֧ԧէӧ ֧ާ ڧݧ ӧڧѧߧߧ ѧڧ֧ߧ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ֧֧ҧӧѧܧݧߧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ: ڧߧѧܧ ԧݧӧߧԧ ާ٧ԧ (12,16%), ڧ֧ާڧ֧ܧѧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧է (11,42%), ڧߧѧܧ ާڧܧѧէ (10,73%), ӧߧڧ֧֧ߧ ܧӧڧ٧ݧڧߧڧ (9,48%). ܧ ܧӧߧ էѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ (7,45%), ԧڧ֧ߧڧ֧ܧѧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧է ֧ (5,77%), ֧ӧާѧڧ֧ܧѧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ֧է (1,20%). ֧էߧ֧ԧէӧ ֧ާ ӧڧ էڧѧҧ֧ ѧӧڧ 13,59%.

2004 ԧէ ֧էߧ֧ԧէӧ ֧ާ ҧڧ ٧ѧѧ ߧ ԧڧѧݧڧ٧ѧڧ ӧէ ԧ ڧߧѧܧ ާڧܧѧէ, ӧߧڧ֧֧ߧԧ ܧӧڧ٧ݧڧߧڧ ڧߧѧܧ ԧݧӧߧԧ ާ٧ԧ ڧѧ ѧӧڧݧ ӧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ 29,15%, 16,88% 22,24%.

2016 ԧէ ֧էߧ ڧާ ԧڧѧݧڧ٧ѧڧ ӧէ ԧ ڧߧѧܧ ާڧܧѧէ ѧӧڧݧ ܧݧ 26 000 ѧߧ֧, ӧߧڧ֧֧ߧ ܧӧڧ٧ݧڧߧڧ - ܧݧ 18 000 ѧߧ֧, ڧߧѧܧ ԧݧӧߧԧ ާ٧ԧ - 9387 ѧߧ֧.

ߧڧ: ߧ, ѧ ߧݧڧߧ, ڧ է. ҧ٧ էܧݧѧէ ֧է֧ߧ-էڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ ڧѧ, 2018. ڧܧݧڧߧߧ اߧѧ, 2019, 34: 209-220.

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